Heartburn is painful sensations in the epigastrium Due to the hypersecretion of acidic gastric juices, gastric acidity is harmful to the walls of the stomach and oesophagus (the digestive tract that connects the stomach to the oral cavity), these pains can last from a few minutes to a few hours.
The stomach produces about 2 litres of gastric juice per day. This production is highest at mealtimes and during prolonged fasting. The main role of gastric juice is the total digestion of proteins and the reduction of solid food into portions that can be assimilated by the intestine. The hormonal regulation of gastric acidity is ensured by the "G" cells of the stomach which produce "gastrin" and the nervous regulation by the "vagus" nerve.
An increase in gastric acidity
Stomach acidity increases in several cases:
- Peptic ulcer disease caused by the bacterium "Helicobacter pylori", the prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs promotes the development of the ulcer.
- Lgastroesophageal reflux disease due to part of the stomach slipping into the chest through the diaphragmatic muscle (hiatal hernia) or to a problem with the tone of the lower oesophageal sphincter (ring-shaped muscle that separates the stomach from the oesophagus) which does not close properly to prevent the upwelling of gastric secretions, resulting in burning, regurgitation and bad breath.
- Stress gastritis in anxious or nervous people.
- Fasting for several hours or eat acidic (citrus fruits, tomatoes), fatty or spicy foods, tea, coffee, soft drinks, etc.
Lactose intolerance can be manifested by heartburn this syndrome, which is linked to a lactase deficiency (an enzyme that breaks down lactose in glucose and galactose), increases the production of intestinal gases which cause abdominal pain, these stomach aches will create a climate of stress; the stress can increase stomach acidity and cause heartburn. It should be noted that lactose intolerance is most often associated with abdominal pain, diarrhoea and bloating.
Taking it in the morning on an empty stomach of proton pump inhibitors such as "omeprazole" reduces gastric acidity and protects the stomach cells. However, if the diagnosis of lactose intolerance is made, the elimination of dairy products lactose-rich becomes the ideal treatment.
It may also be advisable to supplement with lactase enzymeThis makes it much easier to eat outside the home. This makes it much easier to eat outside the home.