You suffer from mild but frequent and troublesome digestive problems and your doctor has diagnosed lactose intolerance. What exactly is it about?
The lactose is the sugar present in milk, whether it is breast milk or animal milk (cow, goat, sheep, etc.). Lactose is a so-called "compound" sugar, which is formed from the combination of two "simple" sugars (glucose and galactose).
Lactose cannot be absorbed directly by the intestine
The lactase is an enzyme that is the only one capable of transforming complex sugar into simple sugars that can be assimilated by the body. Some people do not produce enough lactase in their intestine. Lactose is therefore incompletely or not at all digested, and the lactose remains in the intestine where it tends to retain water and ferment. The result is intestinal pain, diarrhoea, bloating, flatulence, which are all symptoms of the disease. typical symptoms of lactose intolerance.
But milk and dairy products are so present, sometimes in a hidden way, in our diet that it is sometimes difficult to make the connection between such symptoms and milk consumption.