What is acute diarrhoea?
Acute diarrhoea is the sudden emission of too frequent stools for less than 7 days (more than 3 times a day), too abundant and of abnormal consistency (liquid or very soft stools).
It is a frequent reason for consultation at the medical emergency wards, present mainly in infants and childrenIn addition to the above, adults frequently experience this symptom in cases of mass food poisoning and some cases of food intolerance.
Acute diarrhoea can be infectious in origin (gastroenteritis), inflammatory (Crohn's disease) or allergic (peanut allergy, egg protein allergy...).
Episodes of acute diarrhoea are also seen in people with food intolerance, such as intolerance to lactose (milk sugar) which is linked to a lactase enzyme deficiencyThe absence of the latter prevents the breakdown of lactose into simple sugars (glucose and galactose) and causes fermentation in the digestive tract.
Lactose intolerance is abdominal syndrome marked by the appearance of stomach acheIn some cases, it can lead to vomiting, especially in children, 30 minutes to 2 hours after ingesting dairy products, due to their high lactose content.
Acute diarrhoea can become chronic, especially in people who do not have intense symptoms, they often neglect this symptom especially if the episodes of diarrhoea are distant. Diarrhoea in lactose intolerance is fluid diarrhoeaThis is an acidic and often violent meteorism (called meteorism), without the release of blood, triggered after taking dairy products or processed foods containing lactose, the frequency of diarrhoea depends on the amount of lactose ingested and the degree of lactase deficiency.
To combat diarrhoea caused by lactose intolerance, a low-lactose diet should be followed and/or supplement with lactase enzyme as proposed by Lactolerance.